All throughout our history, the age of middle childhood (from 8 to twelve years of age) is considered one of the most important stages of the development of the human psyche. Sigmund Freud and his theory of psychoanalysis tell us that this stage, (Middle Childhood) is the stage of latency. It is during this time of life that the sexual and aggressive wants of a person is held back and repressed.
Theorists coming after Freud suggested optimum importance to Middle years of childhood. Some that it is here that there are certain cognitive, personality, social and motivational developments occurring in these stages of life. It is during the middle years of childhood that children will learn a lot about society, exploring their values and norms. The primary developmental task of middle childhood is called integrity. Take into account that the integrity referred to here is both the person and society.
The changes occurring to a person in the middle childhood is a bit slow. Physical development is less visual and dramatic compared to the really fast growth spurts occurring in earlier years and adolescence. Growth during these age ranges (8 to 12 y.o.) develop in a steady but slow manner. It is only when a person reaches puberty that this growth speed increases. Take into account that in some persons, puberty may start very early, from 8 to 9 years old.
Increased In Skills
Children upon the middle childhood try to build the skills that they have learned on earlier years. It is on this stage that they try to prepare themselves for the next stage (adolescence). The children will now learn important skills of thought because of a more mature mind, such as the ability to form a scientific guess. Enthusiasm from learning things at school and from doing chores and/or work comes out during the middle childhood. As parents, it is important to remember that the child should achieve a sense of achievement from his/her activities in school or at home.
A Competitive View Of Life
Competition is mostly part of the middle childís interpersonal and social relationships. When children go to school their relationship with other people can create a sense of competition. You may see your child entering certain sports like baseball, basketball, soccer and/or more. The peers of your children such as their classmates and friends influence them child greatly on these stage of life (although family ties still remain strong in here). Their ability to interact with other people is based on their relationships with their peers and their family. The middle childís ability to participate in many social activities gives him/her a good preparation for the next developmental stage. It is also during these times that the child will have a best friend that he/she can relate and interact with besides his/her parents.
Problems With Children Today
Nowadays, we are able to see in the news an increase in the prevalence of violence in children at their respective schools. Even middle aged children who only age at around 8 to 12 years old suffer from bad behaviors of drug use, smoking and binge eating. Elementary students suffer a lot of these disorders today. You should be aware of the friends and peers your kid has. Sometimes children at these ages suffer from too much depression as well. This could be related to the pressures they have in school. Facts such as low grades, bullying, peer pressure and more contribute to the negative emotions of the child. Teachers and parents should teach them more about life and the social world to prepare them for the next step ahead.